Kaunas

Kaunas city

Kaunas (316 thousand. pop.) - The second largest city in Lithuania situated at the confluence of the Nemunas and the Neris.

The city boasts a compact, well-preserved and nurtured Old Town, where many valuable cultural and architectural monuments, including Kaunas Castle, Gothic House of Thunder, Vytautas the Great and St. Gertrude Church, "the White Swan-called town hall and many others. The town is interesting technical heritage objects - funiculars 70 years ago. One of them lifts Aleksotas hill, like the Insurrection Church, opens beautiful panoramas of Kaunas.

Near Kaunas Lagoon - a masterpiece of baroque architecture in Lithuania Pažaislis monastery. It takes place every summer Pažaislio international classical music festivals. Cultural and leisure life in an intense and varied. Annual emotional fiesta of music "International Kaunas Jazz Festival.

There are many museums in Kaunas. MKCiurlionis exhibited in the Museum of Lithuanian art works of genius. M.Žilinskas gallery - many Western European countries works of art. Merry impressions provide the world's only "Devil's Museum, which - over 3000 unique exhibits. Vytautas the Great War Museum - the history of Lithuania. Next to him - a beautiful and symbolic Statue commemorating those who died for the freedom of eternal fire.

Lithuania is part of the history of the Ninth Fort Museum - this Kaunas Tsarist Russia fortress during the occupation is part of the inter-war period were Lithuanian jail, during the Nazi occupation - the death camp.

Kaunas - as well as students and athletes city: there are 5 high school; train the famous legendary Lithuanian basketball player Arvydas Sabonis Zalgiris basketball team.

A Brief History of Kaunas

The city originated - the thirteenth century., When it was first built in Lithuania brick defensive fortress. 1408. the town was granted Magdeburg rights. Since then, Kaunas began to grow rapidly, increasing its trade with the West as the center of Europe and the importance of the port. The sixteenth century. Kaunas became one of the best developed cities in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

1920-1940 in Kaunas was the provisional capital of Lithuania. During this period, now formed a pedestrian Liberty Avenue - the only non-smoking boulevard across Europe.

Kaunas - the same is the city center of the country, the Lithuanian culture, traditions and history of the fireplace.

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